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Dog Information – Responsible Breeding
To start with every dog owner needs to know that irresponsible breeding leads to over population, disease and is destructive to the canine family. Current dog information at the time of this writing states that more than three million animals are put down each year in the United States alone because they have no home. Millions more are dying from abuse, starvation and overall neglect. In a world that is already over populated it is more important than ever to make informed decisions in regard to breeding your pets.
If you are thinking about making money breeding your dog, think again. Breeding canines correctly cost a lot of money and there are no responsible short cuts. Responsible breeders know that most dogs have defects like structure, health or personality and that these defects can only be eliminated by not breeding dogs with these problems. All animals should be proven to be free from all these possible defects before you consider breeding.
This is the fundamental difference between a good dog breeder and a bad one. A good breeder sticks to one breed and belongs to that breeds social network and organizations. They are educated as to what defects affect the breed and work to eliminate those defects. Good breeders usually have high vet bills because they use vets frequently to maintain healthy dogs. Because responsible dog breeders care so much for the breed they almost always take back problem dogs or dogs that their buyers cannot handle for whatever reason. Many even adopt homeless dogs because they understand the overwhelming problems with over population of the canine.
So the answer to the question “should I breed my dog” boils down to this. Are you a responsible dog breeder? Are you well educated in your dog breed? Do you understand and practice the values we discussed in this article? Only you can answer these questions.
For the far majority of us dog lovers I would recommend adopting rather than producing more dogs. Take the time to learn about dog breeds and what canine is right for you. A little dog information will go a long way towards educating dog owners. I recommend leaving the dog breeding to those that dedicate their lives to it.
* Content archived from “http://doginformationblog.com/51/dog-breeding-%E2%80%93-should-i-breed-my-dog/” and all credit goes to the original authors. The views or opinions expressed in this article are those of the original author and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of Infozill.
Dog Information – Suitable Pets For Children
Dog breeds that are most suitable for children are breeds that have a mild temperament and playful attributes. It is important to note that every animal including the canine has its own personality. Therefore any of our suggested breeds may or may not be the right choice for your children. All dog owners must take the time to educate the entire family about the canine. Then do the necessary dog training and child training as well.
It is paramount that parents while making the choice of what dog they wish to include in the family get as much dog information from the breeder as possible. What the bitch and the male’s history are as it relates to kids and aggression. The breeder should assist you in picking a puppy with a mild temperament, one that does not become aggressive with noise and roughhousing. Also it is very important to know and match what environment is best suited for the dog breed itself.
Another important piece of advice is that no young toddler should ever be left unsupervised with your family dog or any other dog. When the child matures and grows to understand the relationship, then is able to utilize the dog training techniques your family is providing, you may then start weaning the supervision. We highly recommend monitoring the results.
Below are our top ten choices we think you should consider and why:
1. The Labrador Retriever ranks at the top of our list. Their reputation as a fun loving family oriented canine is unsurpassed. They are most often good around children of all ages.
2. The Golden Retriever is also an excellent choice for children of all ages. They are often easy going, playful and eager to please.
3. Flat Coat Retriever’s love children and are a great family choice. They are also eager to please and train reasonably well. These dogs adjust well in many environments, so keep this in mind.
4. Newfoundland’s are extremely well suited for children. They have a sweet temperament and love children. They can handle more roughhousing than most dogs and simply go lay down when they have had enough. They always keep a watchful eye over the family and are very trustworthy dog. Environment plays a key role whether one should own a Newfoundland or not.
5. The Saint Bernard is another good choice for children. Saints normally have a very mild temperament and love children. With a little training they become devoted, fun loving companions. Again your environment is an important consideration because of their size.
6. Irish Setters are great family dogs and very good around children. They can be sensitive to a lot of boisterous activity, so keep that in mind. When they have had enough they normally retreat to the comfort of a quiet place.
7. An English Setter is a very good choice for children. They have a mellow temperament and a loving nature. With a little dog training these dogs make excellent companions.
8. Beagles are normally a good choice for children as are many in the hound family. They are usually good around children, love to play. Beagles do have a stubborn streak about them however. They can be a bit of a challenge to train at times but patience will be rewarded.
9. Pugs are normally a good dog for children. Pugs are very patient and fun loving canines that fit well in an urban environment. They do not tolerate interruptions when eating, like many canines. So keep this in mind around small toddlers.
10. The Collie is another great choice for children. They have an even temperament, very docile and gentle. These make great family dogs and are a perfect fit in many environments.
These suggestions are by no means the only dog breeds you should consider. But they are a good start in your attempt to find what breed is best suited for your children and family environment. Please take the time to make informed decisions. Remember that having a canine part of your family will require some consistent dog training. We at dog information blog are dedicated to the canine and dog lovers alike. We hope this information is useful and your feedback is welcome.
* Content archived from “http://doginformationblog.com/54/dog-information-dog-breeds-most-suitable-for-children/” and all credit goes to the original authors. The views or opinions expressed in this article are those of the original author and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of Infozill.
If you have ever experience flea and tick infestation with your canine companion than you are likely to know how difficult they can be and how it can affect overall dog health.
A single female flea can lay more than 2000 eggs and can jump about 100 times its own height. Fleas need blood to complete their reproductive cycle. Even though fleas prefer dogs and cats blood, human blood is OK too. Fleas cause mild to severe skin reactions, tapeworm infestation and a host of other nasty problems.
Ticks are well known for spreading disease, as they feast on blood. They can carry Rocky Mountain spotted fever, encephalitis, tularemia, tick paralysis, and Lyme disease, so it is very important to prevent tick infestations in dogs.
When it comes to fleas and ticks and ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Therefore to prevent these attacks we prefer using a natural approach, we simply add garlic to our dogs food. This prevents fleas and ticks due to the odor released through the dog’s skin as the compounds in garlic are metabolized. Don’t worry about odor, by using the proper amount you very unlikely to smell it.
Garlic has many other health benefits for your canine like boosting the Immune System, preventing blood clots, lowering blood cholesterol and the list continues to grow.
We recommend the following amount of fresh garlic for dogs:
• 10 to 15 pounds – half a clove
• 20 to 40 pounds – 1 clove
• 45 to 70 pounds – 2 cloves
• 75 to 90 pounds – 2 and a half cloves
• 100 pounds and over – 3 cloves
This is important, at least one to two days off per week or two weeks on and one week off from garlic, is the proper recommended dosage. We also recommend that you should always consult your vet when adding anything to your canine’s diet. There has been some controversy lately over garlic in a dog’s diet.
A compound found in onions and in smaller amounts in garlic named n-propyldisulfide could, in large doses cause oxidant damage to red blood cells thus creating Heinz bodies and triggering the body to reject the cells from the bloodstream. If large doses of this compound are ingested on a regular basis the process can lead to Heinz-body anemia and even death.
Does that mean garlic is unsafe for dogs? Not really. The key to safe use of garlic with dogs is the dosage level and frequency of use. The benefits way out way the risks providing one follows the suggested amount vs. body weight. One clove of fresh garlic per 10 to 30 pounds of canine body weight a day.
We at dog information hope this helps you and your canine get relief from fleas and ticks. As always we welcome your comments and suggestions to better understand dog health.
* Content archived from “http://doginformationblog.com/70/dog-information-%e2%80%93-how-to-keep-fleas-and-ticks-off-my-dog/” and all credit goes to the original authors. The views or opinions expressed in this article are those of the original author and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of Infozill.
A dog scratching at the door can be viewed as a behaviour problem if it regularly causes damage, or you don’t like the noise of claws scraping across paintwork. They can do it for a number of reasons including asking to be let out for a wee, trying to grab your attention, or because they are suffering from separation anxiety. Whatever the reason, it can make an unsightly mess and if you don’t like the continual costs of having it repainted, here are some ways to stop it.
To start, you need to find out why your dog is scratching the door. If they want to be let out or want some attention they will obviously be scratching the door while you are in the house, whereas with separation anxiety the damage is likely to happen while you’re out. In extreme cases of anxiety they can start the scratching the moment you close a door between you and them because they are so desperate to get to you.
Is It Mindless Destruction?
Some owners believe their dogs cause the damage out of boredom, or worse, on purpose, almost like getting their own back for being left alone, and fail to see it as a symptom of separation anxiety in dogs. And while the destruction is on purpose, an anxious dog will be panicking about where you have disappeared to and are literally trying to scratch their way right through the door so they can come and find you.
Separation anxiety can be a difficult problem to solve, but with a dog separation anxiety training programme and some patience and persistence from you, the anxiety should disappear and the door scratching should stop.
Dog Scratching to be Let Out
If your dog only scratches the door when they want to be let out there are two approaches you can take to stopping it. You will still need a signal that they need to be let out, otherwise that will create a different kind of mess, but presumably don’t want the damage.
The first approach is to let them out regularly yourself, before they get to the stage when they start scratching and that way you avoid accidents and the damage to the door.
The second approach is to teach them another way to show you they want to go out. Use plenty of treats and praise to do this and select an easy signal for them to learn.
Scratching the Door for Attention
Once a dog has learnt to scratch the door to be let out, they can also use it to get your attention. Have you ever gone to let your dog out, but then found they weren’t really interested, maybe they just looked at you, or wandered outside aimlessly and then back in?
This kind of attention seeking behaviour is at best a time waster for you if you are constantly getting up to let the dog out when they don’t need it and at worst a way of your dog establishing themselves as ‘top dog’ as they feel like they can get your attention whenever they want it.
To ensure your dog gets to go out when they need to, but doesn’t use it for attention, here’s what to do.
When they scratch to be let out, go to the door and open it without paying any attention to the dog. That means not looking at your dog, speaking to them or touching them. If they just sit there because they didn’t really want to go out and just wanted your attention, simply close the door and walk away, again without paying any attention to your dog.
It’s a simple technique, but very effective, because dogs will only carry on doing what works for them and if it doesn’t get the attention they want they won’t carry on doing it for much longer.
* Content archived from “http://doginformationblog.com/981/how-to-stop-your-dog-scratching-the-door-and-damaging-your-paintwork/” and all credit goes to the original authors. The views or opinions expressed in this article are those of the original author and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of Infozill.
I rarely see Basset Hounds either at my classes or at Home visits so it was a pleasant surprise to be asked to help a nine month old that was testing her owner’s patience and self belief. I only met one owner today, our original conversation had scheduled a meeting for next week but following that telephone call I received a call requesting an interim session because the dog’s separation issues were escalating and causing additional stress.
I arrived to find a young dog, an owner and a young child. This is usually a recipe for stress and change when a young dog and a young child are in the same house as demands for attention are increased. When one of the parents is back at work, the remaining parent effectively has two children to look after and when the human baby is their first, they have enough on their plate. To then add another baby into the house only places more demands on the stay at home parent. To make matters worse, only one of the babies will learn to speak our language, the other will remain confused and mystified by our attempts to communicate.
The Basset was protesting when she was left at home alone and this had spread to demanding attention when the parent was at home. Bassets are just like any other dog and they need attention and company, like all animals that live in a family group so to isolate them will create stress and confusion and this young Basset was suffering from isolation. To add to the issue, her stress and vocalisation of her stress was attracting the interaction of her owner so she had quickly learned to demand attention with stressed behaviour and this became normal.
Normal that is except the dog does not know it is not normal behaviour nor is it a behaviour your dog would choose yet we force it upon them by ignoring them when they are relaxed and quiet. Add to the mix a human child also occupying a great deal of the owner’s time, it is not surprising stress becomes a normal behaviour. Starting to retrain the owner, and next week I will have both owners to work with, I can teach them to reward the dog for being calmer and stop the separation anxiety forever and leave them a happy and contented family who can enjoy each other.
I then went on to the next Home Visit and arrived to find another Basset and a male this time. I don’t see Basset Hounds for years and then I see two in one day.
The issue here, I was told, was explosive aggression when seeing another dog. As usual, I was told he was the perfect dog in the house and the owners were perplexed by his behaviour outside the house when he saw other dogs.
The picture in the house however, was far from perfect once the behaviour was observed and described for what it really is, not what the owners think it is. We as humans will mistake a dog demanding attention for affection and reward it from that view point. This just perpetuates this behaviour and this actually makes it impossible for your dog to relax as it has to be on the go all of the time to get any communication from us at all.
Reward your dog when they are relaxed and not demanding attention, reward them when they are calm, relaxed and next to you and that is where they will prefer to be. Then you will be your dogs best friend.
* Content archived from “http://doginformationblog.com/986/the-day-of-the-basset-hound/” and all credit goes to the original authors. The views or opinions expressed in this article are those of the original author and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of Infozill.
Autism can present many obstacles for both the affected child and his or her parents, and although more and more is being learned about this disorder every day, the exact cause still remains a bit of a mystery, making effective treatment extremely challenging. One treatment that is gaining popularity, however, chiefly due to the positive reports and feedback regarding its effectiveness, is the use of assistance dogs. In this article we will take a closer look at autism and its accompanying symptoms, along with some information on how assistance dogs are making a very constructive difference in the lives of autistic children.
What is Autism?
Autism is a developmental disorder that affects approximately 1 out of every 150 children, with the first symptoms usually surfacing sometime after the first year of life. Generally, autism is characterized by a triad of symptoms which includes impairment in language development, a severe delay in the development of social skills and the presence of both restrictive and repetitive behaviors. One of the mysteries of autism is that it affects people to varying degrees. Classified as a “spectrum disorder,” autism symptoms can range from profound disability, in which language and social development are almost nonexistent, to very mild, as seen in people with Asperger’s Syndrome, a form of high-functioning autism. Autism may also cause other health issues. Many children with autism, for example, experience a high rate of seizures and gastrointestinal difficulties.
Assistance Dogs and Autism
Most people have probably heard of assistance dogs that can aid the blind and those with physical disabilities, but can these dogs help with autism? According to recent reports, the answer seems to be a resounding “yes.” Studies have shown that these assistance dogs, when properly trained for specific tasks aimed at helping those with autism, can be a very effective tool for both social development and behavior modification.
The use of assistance dogs, at least in the world of autism, is fairly new territory, and although the training facilities for autism dogs are few in numbers, recent demand has prompted a dramatic increase in these services. Currently, the average waiting time for an autism service dog is 2-3 years, but experts believe the wait time will diminish greatly as more and more trainers begin offering these services.
Training assistance dogs to work with autistic children presents many challenges and can be a lengthy process which continues even after the dog has been relinquished to the child and his family. Below are some of the specific tasks these dogs can be trained to perform, all of which will help in the daily functioning of those suffering from autism:
- Work as a Team. Typically, autism dogs are taught to work as part of a team. Since the child may not be able to completely assume the role of handler, the autism dog is usually handled with one leash being held by the child (usually attached to the dog’s waist with a harness) and one that the parent will hold (usually attached to the collar). The assistance dog will have to learn to differentiate between the two leashes, discriminating between the cues of the handler and the desires of the child.
- Behavior Modification. Assistance dogs can be very effective working with children who have a tendency to wander away or bolt in open settings. They can also alert the parent when the child is beginning to approach an area that is may endanger the child’s life. These services allow the child to have a limited amount of freedom and can help parents with general supervision.
- Emotional Calming. Assistance dogs can provide emotional calming in those children who are prone to outbursts and tantrums. In return, the child’s constant presence can have the same effect on the dog.
- Social Interaction. Children with autism have a difficult time socializing normally, but the presence of a dog usually makes them more approachable to their peers. Sometimes known as “social capital” this can be one of the most important roles an assistance dog can play.
- Seizure Detection. Assistance dogs can be trained to predict the onset of a seizure and alert the parent or guardian. Naturally, this ability can help keep children safe in the event of one of these attacks.
Choosing an Assistance Dog
Not all assistance dogs will be trained to handle all of the above tasks, so it’s vitally important that you inform the trainer of all your child’s individual needs. Usually, these dogs are trained on an individual basis, learning the exact skills which will be required by you and your family, and can even include such skills as accompanying your child to school. Sometimes a transition period will have to be observed in which the dog spends some of the day with the trainer and some with his new handlers.
Keep in mind that a younger dog, one which was recently trained, will stand a better chance of bonding quickly with the child.
The obstacles and challenges faced by those with autism and their families can be difficult to navigate, but a trained assistance dog can help lessen the burden and keep your child safe.
* Content archived from “http://doginformationblog.com/989/assistance-dogs-make-a-difference-in-the-world-of-autism/” and all credit goes to the original authors. The views or opinions expressed in this article are those of the original author and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of Infozill.
The past few weeks have been a very busy period where I have been working with a wide variety of dogs, I think the two Huskies were very special. A two-year old male and a younger female were presenting problems, the male in particular was really scaring his owners with his aggression. His aggression had escalated to the point he had bitten members of the family as he now wore a muzzle as a preventative measure, but his aggression was getting worse and his family had to consider their options. When everything they can think of had been tried and nothing has worked and even the boarding kennels they use have refused to take him because they cannot get near him to remove his muzzle because he gets so aggressive. If they can’t take his muzzle off, they can’t walk or feed him and they are genuinely scared of him.
It was the boarding kennels owner who recommended me as I have another client whose dog is aggressive who could only stay at the kennels if I visited every day to feed and walk him, I did and when the dog was with me, he was fine.
When I spoke with the owner on the phone, it was clear this problem had got them at breaking point and of the behaviour could not be changed, and then the dog was not going to live very long. I made the appointment and I was told the dog would be muzzled when I arrived.
The appointment arrived and when I walked into the house, both the dogs were outside so I asked for them to be left out there so I could assess their reaction to the appearance of a stranger. I approached the patio doors and it was the female who was the most reactive and stressed. The male was more scared at this point but the tension in his body was tangible, even on the other side of the patio door. If they were let in to the house in this frame of mind, it was clear to see why he had bitten people.
The first change I made was with the door, I opened and closed it several times in quick succession which created uncertainty in the dogs and as they backed away from the door, I spoke to them to reward the change in behaviour. I kept this up until they were calmer and then I let them in and there was no barking or attempts to bite. The male came in had a good sniff, stood next to me as stiff as a board and then slowly walked away and as he did so, I spoke to him. This continued for only 30 minutes and by then he was relaxed enough to lie down with his back to me. He was responding very well to the changes.
The female on the other hand was where the problem stemmed from as she was constantly pestering the male, jumping on him and generally bothering him to the point he would have to be assertive with her. The whole environment was full of stress.
By interrupting the female from bothering the male and then speaking to her for calming down, by the end of the hour, they were both much more relaxed and the owners were very happy.
During a follow-up phone call, the owners told me the transformation in the male was amazing and it was the female who was persisting with the stressed and challenging behaviour, which came as a surprise, even though I had mentioned this to them at the start of the visit. I gave then more advice on how to deal with her behaviour and this advice is helping improve her behaviour. The advice involves a time out for barking and pestering visitors and increasing the duration of the time out until she has genuinely calmed down and then they can speak to her to reward the calmer behaviour.
* Content archived from “http://doginformationblog.com/992/dealing-with-our-dogs/” and all credit goes to the original authors. The views or opinions expressed in this article are those of the original author and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of Infozill.
Dogs are an incredibly diverse species. Not only do they have an amazing array of of physical characteristics, but even their personality traits and behavioral characteristics differ from one breed to another.
Much of this is down to human meddling. For centuries we have bred dogs to meet our needs, so that over time we’ve developed over 600 distinct dog breeds.
However, recent studies suggest that many of the physical changes in dogs may have occurred spontaneously. So as amazing as it is, it seems dogs have actually evolved along the lines they believe we expect of them. Now that’s what I call devotion!
Fascinating stuff, but there’s also a practical purpose to all this.
Let’s say you are interested in buying or adopting a purebred dog. I’m sure you’d want one that is a good fit for your life style. It would be foolish for example to adopt a Husky, if your idea of fun is flopping down in front of the TV with with a bowl of popcorn. Before you know it you’ll have an extremely frustrated dog, most likely with behavioral problems.
By the same token, an active person who gets a Bulldog and expects him to join in the Sunday morning jog is bound to be disappointed.
And it’s not just energy levels you need to consider. As you begin to put together a picture of your perfect dog, think about the level of affection you want, the level of independence, guarding ability, whether you mind a dog that barks. You’ll find there’s a breed that matches just about any profile you can think of.
And what about physical appearance, size for example? It’s hard to imagine two animals more different than a Saint Bernard and a Chinese Crested, yet both are unmistakably, dogs.
Another factor you need to take into account is the amount of hair the dog sheds. Some dogs shed enough hair to make another dog, while others hardly shed at all. And if shedding is really an issue there are hairless dogs, like the Xoloitzcuintle.
Trainability is another factor that should be considered. If you’re determined to obedience train your dog, then you’ll want a breed that is pliant and obedient, not the canine equivalent of an obdurate mule.
So if trainability is an important factor you’ll want a dog that is a quick learner with an eagerness to please. Dogs that fall into this group include the Poodle, Papillon and Golden Retriever.
At the other end of the scale you’ll find the the hounds – stubborn, obstinate and downright bloody-minded. Dachshunds are said by some (only half-jokingly) to be impossible to train, while some toy dogs just can’t be bothered to pay attention.
And then there are the so-called designer dogs, as well as mixed breed dogs, which we haven’t even spoken about here.
The point is, there’s a dog that’s ideal for every person, every lifestyle. What’s your dog type?
* Content archived from “http://doginformationblog.com/996/which-dog-is-right-for-you/” and all credit goes to the original authors. The views or opinions expressed in this article are those of the original author and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of Infozill.
Why do I need to find the “perfect” Aussie breeder? “Aren’t all breeders the same?” you may ask. I’m glad you asked. All breeders in general and all Aussie breeders specifically are definitely NOT the same. Perhaps your really don’t need to find the perfect Aussie breeder but you do want to find the breeder that is “perfect for you” You should look at the breeder of your pet as much more than a person to buy a dog from if you want to make the best decision for you and your pet. A good breeder is your best friend in this process. He will provide lots on great information about the nature and care of the breed – in this case, the Australian Shepherd.
Good breeders will take great lengths to ensure that the dog is healthy and free of genetic defects where “puppy mill” type breeders will not. I don’t like to think that the second type of breeders even exist but they do so just make sure that you’re not dealing with one. Don’t rush out with the idea that you are buying a dog today. Take the time to talk to and even visit several of the Aussie breeders near you. As you do this it will become apparent who the best breeders are. You can definitely find the perfect dog for you through the help of these breeders.
Here are some tips to help you know when you’ve found a good breeder:
· Take time to interview several of the Aussie breeders in your area. Look for a breeder that is friendly and approachable and willing to take the time to answer any question you might have. This is the mark of a top breeder. He or she will be passionate about Aussies and willing to help you select just the right Aussie for your home.
· Ask if the breeder belongs to a breeder’s club. A breeder who seems proud to be part of his club or holds an office within it is likely to be more reputable than one who does not.
· The breeder’s facilities should be kept clean and sanitary. Although there might be several puppies around doing what puppies do, puppy “messes” should be attended to in a reasonable amount of time and the puppies should be kept clean.
· Look for a breeder that will provide documentation of your prospective pup’s veterinary care since birth. He should also be willing to provide contact information for the Vet and/or allow you to have your pup examined by your own vet. This will give you some assurance that the dog is healthy and is free from any disease or birth defect.
· Avoid rushing to make a decision. A good breeder who will give you ample time to decide on when you would want to purchase your Aussie and will not pressure you to buy immediately. If you feel pressured at all you should walk away.
· Papers and a guarantee. I have personally received falsified AKC papers from a breeder. The best breeders will also give you a written guarantee that your pup’s bloodline is accurately documented and will stand the test of time. You should be allowed to return the dog in good health for a full refund should that prove not to be true.
· Take time to interview several of the Aussie breeders in your area. Look for a breeder that is friendly and approachable and willing to take the time to answer any question you might have. This is the mark of a top breeder. He or she will be passionate about Aussies and willing to help you select just the right Aussie for your home.
· The best breeders will probably have some questions for you as well. Don’t be defensive if you are asked about your home environment, work schedules, hobbies, etc. The best breeders know that thinking about these things can make all the difference in the success of the Aussie in your home. For example: Aussie’s are high-energy dogs and they need a certain amount of physical activity every day. When a breeder asks if you like outdoor sports like biking, jogging, walking, etc. this is what he may be getting at. Your breeder will be well aware of the Aussie’s needs and will want you to think about whether you are able to provide them. Someone whose idea the perfect evening is sitting in a comfortable chair with a cup of tea and the latest best-seller would not be a good candidate for Aussie ownership and it the best thing for both you and the Aussie to consider this beforehand.
If you think an Aussie is in your future pay close attention to these tips and you’ll make the right decision.
* Content archived from “http://doginformationblog.com/974/finding-the-perfect-aussie-shepherd-breeder/” and all credit goes to the original authors. The views or opinions expressed in this article are those of the original author and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of Infozill.